Angela Jimenez with film crew of
House Hunters asked around for a buyers broker in Costa Rica and sent this
crew and director down to film Angela at 3 locations (Avalon, Vivicon at
Lilia, and Prados Oeste)
Angela uses her experience of 22 years to make sure the buyer understands
the market in Costa Rica and does not overpay
From:Angela Jimenez Rocha
To: A.M. Costa Rica
Sent: Monday, Aug. 24, 2009
Subject: Despite funk, country well situated for rapid, positive upturn
Since Henry Kaufman is back in the United States, I have had some time to reflect on his constant use of the term black swan.
This concept was made famous by the well known Nicholas Nassim Taleb, professor of risk at New York University, who has made a great impact on the financial gurus around the world. He predicted while speaking at the Royal Society of Arts in England extreme scenarios which can easily lead to hyperinflation. He was quoted as saying "Give me a regulator, and I'll show you a way to make money." "Regulation is not a panacea, its dangerous."
After being in meetings with Kaufman and many of the large developers in Costa Rica for the past several months, I have tried to understand why most of them are having such a hard time finding liquidity. Of course the normal sources of finance have tightened the purse strings and many never say no to borrowers just never say yes.
There are so many uncertainties in the world outside of Costa Rica that we may wake up one day and find we are one of the few places in the world disconnected from most of these problems. I know that many in Costa Rica are in a blue funk wondering how they will ever become liquid again, but there may be a rosier future ahead than most believe for our tiny country.
In my business of appraisal of property over the last 23 years, I cannot afford to be a Pollyanna since I am responsible to the banks for the values I write on these reports. However there is one tried and true way to determine fundamental values: Add up all the living spaces in the country and determine how much rental income this will produce. Determine a value for inflation and discount the cash flow.
Now to the rosier picture. Imagine serious unstable conditions in the rest of the world like war in the Middle East or global warming having a drastic effect or the aquifer in Florida becoming too salty to function. A small fraction of those people coming to Costa Rica could create a serious shortage of rental properties driving up the values overnight. In some minor aspect this has already occurred with the exodus of Venezuelan rich. Some of whom have bought property they keep vacant as Plan B.
I keep a constant eye on the rental prices especially in Escazú and Santa Ana as an index of how to access current values. Rents have softened in the past few months and I believe a large reason for that is that the influx of retired persons from North American have put off making decisions. Any change in the psychology of these people can have a dramatic effect very quickly in this small market.
From:Your daily English-language
To: A.M. Costa Rica
Sent: Wednesday, Jan. 14, 2009
Subject: Most of real estate market does not involve Gringos
Dear A.M. Costa Rica:
With all due respect to your readers opinions sometimes they forget 95 percent of the real estate market is not made up of fancy houses in Escazú and Tamarindo nor luxury condos in Santa Ana or these new projects planned by the Forum and the Sabana Park.
The fellow who wants to know sales data at the national registry will find it very hard going since most people still do not declare the real values. Local municipalities are now making a greater effort to pressure owners to declare real values for their properties. I recently assisted my own attorney in visiting the muni to check to see if he had to declare his house. He was overjoyed that he still had a year before he needed to do so. The rule here in Escazú is you are required to file a declaration every five years.
Now in order to judge an overall change in prices, it would be best to start at one of the two government authorized mutuals whose function is mandated to assist in housing loans not commercial loans. Since I handle many appraisals for one of the mutuals I can tell you that things are slower. The upscale housing market represents just a tiny fraction of the entire real estate market in Costa Rica. Most of these properties are cash deals or some mixture of owner financing at this time. I have written in the past that there are many ways to value property, but in my opinion the best one and most realistic is the cash flow analysis.
Take a condo that rents for $900 month and whose owner wants to sell it for $100,000. Does this gross return of 10.8 percent make sense in a market where U.S. 30 year treasuries are yielding very little. I watched in amazment when a local private bank makes an appraisal on an almost identical unit at $176,000. Does this gross return of 6.14 percent make as much sense to you, given the fact that we cannot assume prices will continue to go up?
I have been asked to do a valuation on some land which includes a hotel in Guanacaste next week. The lender is interested in the land values, but I tend to look at cash flow potential not just comps, which is where too many real estate agents live in their heads.
Before everyone gets depressed, our strategic analysis of the future of Costa Rica over the long term is very bright. The wave of baby boomer retirees will one day make people very happy. There are only a few places in the world they can go, and Mexico is not one of them. So all of you owners who are not overextended, just wait. Incidently, we discussed this with someone who owns 30 percent of downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma, recently who agrees with us.
Angela Jimenez Rocha
APPRAISALS BUILDING INSPECTIONS
Lic. Angela Jimenez Rocha(Architect) contact info 88271314
or 83301035 firstname.lastname@example.org
21years licensed appraiser
BANVHI--Costa Rica Government Agency( similar to FannieMae or Freddie Mac)
LaVivienda--this is like the old savings and loans in the states but they are
still solvent unlike the states. Now merged with Mutual Alajuela and is
largest government authorized S & L in Costa Rica.
expert for the College of Engineers and Architects
on Board of Directors of the Regimen de Mutualidad Colegio Federado de
Ingenieros y Architectos
Treasurer of the College of Architects
with the College of Architects and Engineers
designed and technical inspection of everything from simple
$10,000 houses to additions to the main cathedral in Cartago(certainly the
most beautiful one in Costa Rica)
She also is avid student of Feng Shui for all those California Naturalists
and Macrobiotic Students
Completely Bi Lingual
lady has done over 12,000 appraisals in Costa Rica and knows the ground like
hardly anyone in this country. The most important item here is the ground.
Find out from her what the local conditions are for perk tests for septic
tanks, foundation stability, electrical service, water pressure in area,
other utility services(Costa Rica is not like the states-utility service is
spotty in places---like the 12 million dollar house on top of one mountain in
Escazu that has no water pressure)
Typical costs for appraisal of a house under 1000 sq ft in central valley $250
every 1000 sq ft after that is extra depending on size
if outside central valley add $50 per hour of travel time (plus lodging and food if overnight)
MAY BE THE BEST INVESTMENT YOU WILL EVERY MAKE
CAN MAKE ARRANGEMENTS FOR ENGINEERING INSPECTION FOR SIMILAR COSTS
her at 011-506-88271314 or 83301035
local 88271314 or 83301035
and Angela have done a wonderful job!
want to thank you for all the work, the comprehensive report, and the photos.
Everything is very, very professional.
fact, I may ask you to review another coffee farm property in the same area
as soon as I can find out who is holding the land documents ( Plano
you again. I will write to you again in a week, once I learn more about the
Angela We had a wonderful time with you.
for all of your help. You gave us so much to think about. We are interested
in having you take a look at the properties in Punta Uva. I have all of the
contact info, and will send it to you shortly. If you could look at the hotel
on the beach and take a quick glance at the house and plot of land next to
the hotel, as it is also for sale.
are also quite interested in the plot of land on the beach. Just send us the
account info and totals so we can send you some money. I will be in touch
HAS BEEN QUOTED AS EXPERT NUMEROUS TIMES
BY LA REPUBLICA" JULY 5, 2004, PAGE 4
ON INVESTMENT CRITERIA, CONDO CONSTRUCTION, ZONING, RENTAL PRICES AND HAS
BEEN APPOINTED INSPECTOR BY THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERS AND ARCHITECTS TO
INVESTIGATE DISPUTES FOR INSURANCE CLAIMS
FROM TICO TIMES FEB 27, 2004
SPECIAL YEAR IN REVIEW REAL ESTATE SUPPLEMENT
CENTRAL VALLEY PRICES VARY BY AREA
Real Estate appraiser Angela Jimenez says prices are rising faster than they
should be in some areas of San Jose.
The asking price for a
. two bedroom two bath condo in a gated
community in Escazu would average $200,000 while the same condo in San Pedro
on the east side of San Jose would be $150,000 and in Heredia on the north
end $90-120,000 and in Alajuela about $10,000 less than Heredia.
Escazu is and has been by far the most expensive and popular place to live
for citizens from the United States. Construction of new condominiums in
Escazu and Santa Ana, further west, has been booming, Jimenez said.
She said she is worried about the effects so much development will have.
"I can tell you that in Escazu something is going to happen in the short
term with so many condominiums being built. I don't think the services are
being taken into consideration--traffic, water, municipal services..."
Prices in Escazu are generally 50% higher than elsewhere, Jimenez said. For
example , $100,000 can buy a
1,600 sq. ft
. home (150 sq. meters) on a
3,230 sq. ft
sq. meters) lot in Sabailla, Heredia, Ciudad Colon and Alajuela but in Escazu
a similar property sells for $150,000. A
2,150 sq. ft
sq. meters) home on a
. (500 sq. meters) lot would cost $200,000 in
the other neighborhoods and $300,000 in Escazu.
When it comes to paying for land, the more you buy the cheaper it is, Jimenez
points out. For example in the hills of Escazu, one could expect to pay $50
per sq. meter for a piece of land measuring 5,000 sq. meters but a property
that is more than
you could expect to pay $25 per square meter.
The cost of homes in Costa Rica varies widely not only because of the land,
but because of the wide range in price and quality of the materials used,
TIMES OCTOBER 7, 2005 by Amanada Roberson Tico Times Staff Writer
INSPECTORS HELP GUARANTEE QUALITY
making a big investment in buying or building a home, you should make sure
you are getting exactly what you want for your money. Building inspectors can
help put your mind at ease by going over a house with a fine-tooth comb to
make sure each nut and bolt is in place. Aside from giving you peace of mind,
hiring an inspector can prevent expensive and time-consuming problems in the
inspectors are architects or engineers who are very familiar with Costa Rica
building codes and good architectural practices. Inspectors and architects in
the country can register in the Federated Association of Engineers and
Architects, a professional organization that sets standards within the
building industry. When hiring an inspector, CHECK TO SEE THAT HE OR SHE IS A
MEMBER OF THIS ORGANIZATION.
and architect Angela Jimenez offers inspection services for both potential
buyers of existing homes and builders of new homes.
inspecting a building project, she works with her team of civil engineers to
visit the site on a weekly basis(often 3 times week) throughout the process.
She begins by reviewing both building plans and the permit each home builder
must obtain from the municipality in which the lot is located. Failing to
adhere to standards established by the municipality, which include zoning
regulations dictating how far the house must be located from the street and
standards for the design of the house, can result in fines (or worse a stop
work order) Jimenez explained.
visits to the building site, inspectors check to make sure the right
materials are being used and plans are carried out correctly.
SAID ONE OF THE MOST COMMON MISTAKES SHE FINDS DURING INSPECTIONS IS
INCORRECTLY MIXED CEMENT, which can later result in a house's foundation sliding
or major damage in the event of an earthquake. She also checks to see that
electricity is wired correctly.For inspection of a building project Jimenez
charges in increments during different phases. A total of 10.5% of the house
value is chargedin installments of 1.5% during pre-project design, 4% during
planning and 5% during the building process.
clients also include potential buyers who want inspection of a house on the
market before closing a deal. She checks out the quality of the concrete
foundation, pipes, drains, septic tanks and electrical wiring to give
customers a diagnostic of the overall condition of the house.
for this service range according to size of the house, beginning at $125 from
homes in the San Josearea.
Times February 23, 2007 page S-20
HOUSE HUNTERS FILMS EPISODE IN COSTA RICA ' WITH ANGELA
Amanda Roberson: Tico Times Staff
Jimenez is a big fan of the TV show "HOUSE HUNTERS"; in fact along
with Rachel Ray's cooking show, she watches it almost every night. As an
architect and real estate agent ( Buyers Broker ), she fascinated by the
show's reality-TV format in which the camera follows a couple through the
process of choosing and buying a home.
when Home and Garden Television's ( HGTV ) "HOUSE HUNTERS"
contacted Jimenez about being on the show, she didn't have to think twice.
The 20-year veteran of the building and real estate business knew she was in
for an adventure.
producer were looking for a nontaditional real estate agent, and they found
Jimenez thru her web site, www.orbitcostarica.com,
she told Tico Times during a recent interview at her home office in the
western San Jose suburb of Escazu.
architect by training, Jimenez gained experience as a building inspector for
the National Housing Mortgage Bank ( BANHVI ) reviewing houses built with
bonos, or government housing grants. Now she works for clients independently,
with a team of civil engineers who review building plans and permits to make
sure builders adhere to zoning regulations.
watches out for common mistakes made in construction here, such as
incorrectly mixed cement and faulty electrical wiring ( Tico Times October 7,
2005 article about Angela' work ). For those looking to purchase an existing
house, Jimenez inspects the quality of the concrete foundation, pipes,
drains, septic tanks and electrical wiring to give clients a diagnostic of
the overall condition of the house.
try to go beyond just real estate and make sure everyone knows about
maintenance requirements, laws and quality so they have a lot of
information," Jimenez said.
is a late "thank you"for the excellent work your home inspectors
did for us on our home in Playa Hermosa, GTE.
inspectors were prompt, capable and efficient. They uncovered electrical
flaws that I personally would not have been able to discover before moving
in. They were also "muy simpatico".
was one item in their report that I did not understand. It was remark 3 at
the end of the report. Could you please explain this remark in further
have taken the liberty of recommending you to an acquaintance from New Jersey
who is also building a home in Playa Hermosa. His name is Scott Havard, and
he will be contacting you when his house is nearing completion -- probably
early next year.
From: "Paul Avalone"
Sent: Tuesday, July 03, 2007 10:33 PM
recently retired to Costa Rica and rented sight unseen by email a wonderfull
condo in Avalon in Santa Ana from Angela and Harold of Orbit Travel. They did
exactly what they promised and their advice thru the months has led me to the
paradise I hoped for in Costa Rica. Angela especially is an expert in all
aspects of real estate and is a well know certified appraiser for the banks
in Costa Rica. They referred me to an attorney who handled all my needs in
obtaining all the documents I needed to live here. If you need any more info
you can call me at 203-4028. Best time to call is afternoon or night since i
spend my mornings in the pool at the condo.
unhappy resident of New York City retired from the rat race at 56.
Angela has overseen the building, design, and inspection, and the
paperwork for the permits of two condo projects for me over the past few
years. She has done a great job at reasonable prices.
Anyone that needs references call me at country code 506-2215-1508 or
Juan Carlos Baldizon
Navascues Escazu Costa Rica
REPRINT FROM AM COSTARICA OCTOBER 30,2207 VOL
7, NO. 215
COSTA RICA'S ENGLISH ON LINE NEWSPAPER
An A.M. Costa Rica guest
experienced appraiser addresses issue of property value
Special to A.M.
22 years of watching prices and preparing many thousands of appraisals for
the banks here along with private clients, I am amazed at the increase in
prices asked at the
time. However, the trend seems to be going up, and the construction costs
from well known, reputable builders also have risen greatly.
If we consider the Central Valley, especially areas like Escazú and the
newly hot area of Santa Ana, the price per square meter for nicely finished
condos with amenities and security is $1,100 and up. For something like a Trump
Tower lookalike, the price is now $2,000 per square meter.
Today it is hard to find raw land for $100 in decent areas in the Central
Valley, and many developments are asking $150 to $200 per square meter for
land. One of the well known golf course communities was $50 meter 10 years
ago and now $250- to $300. 10 years ago Santa Ana was a sleepy little town
where land prices were $10 to $30 a meter. Today it is booming with new
condo developments where land is $150 a meter.
We are owners of condos and also an adviser to Avalon, which is one of the
great, new condo developments in Santa Ana. This developer has had such
great success that people are standing in line to snap up any new project
he has in advance of construction. For most of the new projects buyers are
asked to put up 20 percent for pre-sale before construction starts. This is
a risk unless the buyer checks carefully who the developer is and makes
sure there is a fiduciary or bond to guarantee completion.
But why is the demand so great? Costa Rica really has become a boom area
for much more than North American retirement and second-home buyers. The
country is attracting Europeans like never before, and thousands of rich
people from places like Venezuela. The prince of Saudi Arabia just flew in
and announced that he is increasing his stake in Costa Rica where he
already was major shareholder of the Four Seasons complex. Steve Case of
AOL-Time Warner fame announced he was starting a new $800 million project.
Famous hotel chains have been lining up from all over the world starting
The cold hard facts are 78 million baby boomers are going to retire soon,
and Costa Rica is on the top of the list for those wanting to leave the
States. There is simply not enough space any longer in the Central Valley
to accommodate even 1 percent of these potential new arrivals.
What the new comer to Costa Rica needs to understand is that
is a two tiered market here. Housing like you see in the States and the
local Tico market. Zoning for all practical purposes does not exist here,
and the only way to assure high-class neighbors is to pay high prices for
land. Does that mean you cannot find a Tico-style house for $25,000. I
appraise these every day for the Costa Rica housing bank which is guaranteed
by the government. There are lots of them, but most Americans would never
feel comfortable or secure living in these areas.
Buyers come in all shapes and sizes, and there are lots of people who think
nothing of paying $500,000 and up for a house. But the local people see
that as a television dream since the average wage is $500 month. Many Ticos
are leaving the Central Valley to live in areas like Puriscal which is nice
area but does not offer the services most North Americans are used to. Even
here prices are moving up rapidly.
I have nothing against real estate agents, but my profession is strictly
licensed and regulated by the goverment where real estate brokers are not
required to have any license.
My advice to a buyer is to inspect and appraise carefully before buying.
Real Estate agents are fine for locating property but usually have no
expertise in all of the risks that exist here which are much differnt than
the U. S. Just making sure of the road quality leading to a property is
something most take for granted, but Costa Rica roads and bridges often
fail and the authorities are often strapped for funds to repair these
A couple of weeks ago there was a photo of
that collapsed near the University of Peace in Ciudad Colón where several
upscale projects are located. No one knows how long it will take to fix the
road or if there are other problems about to surface.
We have a recent client who has upscale desires, and we inspected and
appraised a terrific house in Escazú for $545,000, which we found worth the
asking price. But when our attorney checked the documents he found a
clouded title the seller forgot to explain.
Next the buyers asked us to inspect a six-bedroom,
incredible views and an asking price of $990,000. Our appraisal came in at
On the other side, we appraised a tract of beachfront land two years ago
which was titled. Many such tracts are not titled but are granted through a
local concession. The seller was offered $450,000 by one of the largest
tourist operators here, and we appraised this property at $850,000. The
seller sold it off our appraisal at around $1,200,000 and, as I understand,
it is now on market for $2 million.
* Ms. Jiménez,
an appraiser licensed by the Colegio Federado de Ingenieros y Architectos
for the last 21 years, has conducted thousands of appraisals.
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